General Division-Montgomery County Common Pleas Court

      What You Should Know

 
1. How are Jurors Selected?
2. What are the Requirements for being a Juror?
3. What are the different Types of Juries?
4. How Long does a Juror have to Serve?
5. What Happens when I Appear for Jury Service?
6. Is it possible that I might Report for Service but not sit on a Jury?
7. What Rules do Jurors have to Follow?
8. How does a Jury Decide a Case?
9. How Many Jurors must Agree on a Verdict?
10. What are the Benefits of Serving on a Jury?
11. Are You a Juror with Disabilities?
 

 

What are the different types of juries?

Petit Jury:
If you are selected to serve on a "Petit Jury," you will hear a case which is criminal or civil. A criminal trial will involve a felony (a more serious type of crime). The law requires twelve (12) jurors to be seated in a criminal case, only eight (8) jurors are required in a civil case. In a criminal trial, the jury must find a defendant "guilty" or "not guilty" by unanimous vote. In civil cases the law requires a vote of at least three-fourths of the jury to reach a verdict. Most jury trials will seat an "alternative-juror(s)," in the event, sickness or unforeseen circumstances arise in which one of the regular jurors are unable to attend some portion of the trial. The "alternative-juror" hears the trial, in its entirety, but does not participate in jury deliberations.

Grand Jury:
A "Grand Jury" hears evidence about crimes and decides whether or not a person should be "indicted" and tried for committing a crime. The grand jury does not decide guilt or innocence. If you are summoned to court to be selected for service on a grand jury, you will probably serve for a longer period of time than if you served on a petit jury.

 

 
     
 
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